Zeus himself, king of the gods, is known as the greatest advocate of hospitality and the suppliants who request it; yet even he allows the sea god Poseidon to punish the Phaeacians for their generous tradition of returning wayfarers to their homelands. Heroism Odysseus is a legitimate hero: Although he speaks well, he finds very little realistic support in the community; nonetheless, he has taken the first step toward maturity.
Newton writes that ". This issue, however, can be complicated because many of the people from whom Odysseus expects loyalty are actually his property. Penelope is expected to be absolutely faithful to her husband. It is fit that the Odyssey is motivated by such an event, for many of the pitfalls that Odysseus and his men face are likewise obstacles that arise out of mortal weakness and the inability to control it.
Odysseus has been absent for 20 years, 10 at the Trojan War and 10 more in his journey home. Love in the Odyssey is much quieter: In his wanderings, Odysseus receives impressive help from the Phaeacians and, initially, from Aeolus.
This allows her to encourage the prince and lead him into an expository discussion of the problems in the palace. Also an excellent if humble host, Eumaeus makes his king proud as he speaks respectfully of the royal family and abhors the invasion of the suitors.
Step by step, through disguises and deceptions, he arranges a situation in which he alone is armed and the suitors are locked in a room with him. Telemachus and Penelope lack the strength to evict them, nor can they hope for much help from the community because the suitors represent some of the strongest families in the area.
In fact, Athena gives Odysseus what is either a left-handed compliment or a mild reproach in Book 13 when she says: Evidence of this is Odysseus's arrival at Alkinoos's court, where he is identified first by his relationship to the gods, his reputation as a skilled competitor, his homeland, and his lineage as son of Laertes, and only after these, does he give his name.
Through the use of guile, courage, strength, and determination, he endures. Vengeance Poseidon and Odysseus are the most noticeable representatives of the theme of vengeance. Present Relationship to the gods Even before Odysseus's name is known to Alkinoos, the king is ready to give his daughter to the hero as a bride because it is obvious the gods favor him.
He must identify himself to Polyphemos and Kirke, and only then, do these two realize that he is the hero whose coming had been foretold to them. He demonstrates impressive tolerance as he endures, in disguise, the insults and assaults of the suitor Antinous, the goatherd Melanthius, and the maidservant Melantho, for example.
Odysseus, on the other hand, is not bound by the same expectation of fidelity.
In fact, Polyphemus scoffs at the concept and the gods that support it. Kostas Myrsiades, Hospitality The proper practices of hospitality, feasting, and praising the gods are evident in the descriptions of life in Pylos and Sparta Bookswhich act as foils for the life in Ithaka in the absence of Odysseus.
It was through visitors that the Homeric Greeks learned about and kept abreast of what was happening in the world beyond their local areas.
Love in the Odyssey is neither a tempestuous passion as it sometimes seems to be in the Iliad, at least where Helen and Paris are concerned nor a "deathless romance'' as it would become in the lays of the Middle Ages. The proper practices of hospitality, feasting, and praising the gods are evident in the descriptions of life in Pylos and Sparta bookswhich act as foils for the life in Ithaka in the absence of Odysseus.
In order to escape from the cave of the Cyclops PolyphemusOdysseus blinds the one-eyed giant Book 9. Without his father, Telemakhos is without a position in society or his family since he cannot become the true head of the family or leader of Ithaka.
Even his wife, Penelope, literally belongs to her husband. Achilles won great kleos, or glory, during his life, but that life was brief and ended violently. The suitors have no fear of abusing Penelope's hospitality in Ithaka because they do not believe the man whose fame they sing is still alive--his reputation alone is not a strong enough threat to get them to leave.
Scylla and Charybdis cannot be beaten, but Odysseus can minimize his losses with prudent decision-making and careful navigation. In the case of the Sirens, the theme is revisited simply for its own interest. Each will die a gruesome death. According to the most aggressive of the suitors, Antinous, Penelope has persevered against the invaders for about four years 2.
The gods only help those who are worthy, after all: Another example is Telemachus, who stands by his father against the suitors. Temptation Temptation stands in the way of Odysseus's return home, especially in Bks.Odysseus and his men are tempted by many things.
In the land of the Lotus Eaters, for example, they were tempted by the idea that they could stay in that land forever and never return home. In the land of Polyphemus, they were tempted by his wine and cheese.
In the land of Circe, they were tempted. Whereas the Iliad tells the story of the rage of Achilles, the strongest hero in the Greek army, the Odyssey focuses on a “man of twists and turns” (1. 1). Odysseus does have extraordinary strength, as he demonstrates in Book 21 by being the only man who can string the bow.
The Odyssey: Cyclops and Themes. No description by Tara Okun on 27 November Tweet. Comments (0) Theme Theme: overall message of a story Cyclops Pitfalls of temptation Power of leadership Benefits of perseverance Which is. Themes Important in The Odyssey The first themes listed below (folly, temptation, death--visit to Hades--and monsters) are obstacles to Odysseus's safe homecoming (adapted from "The Arisotelian Unity of Odysseus's Wanderings," in Approaches to Teaching Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, ed.
Kostas Myrsiades). Whereas the Iliad tells the story of the rage of Achilles, the strongest hero in the Greek army, the Odyssey focuses on a “man of twists and turns” (1. 1).
Odysseus does have extraordinary strength, as he demonstrates in Book. When he finishes his story, the Phaeacians return Odysseus to Ithaca, where he seeks out the hut of his faithful swineherd, Eumaeus.
Though Athena has disguised Odysseus as a beggar, Eumaeus warmly receives and nourishes him in the hut.Download